The historic environment is under constant pressure in both town and country. Its protection must be reconciled with the legitimate needs of economic growth and development. Ancient Monuments legislation provides protection for only a small proportion of archaeological sites. Provision for the protection and investigation of the great majority of archaeological sites has come about through the development of planning legislation and recognition of archaeology as a material consideration in the planning process which is devolved to the three nations.
Planning and Legislation Committee: England
The Planning and Legislation Committee was established to consider the wide range of planning and legislation matters directly related to the interests of the Association, and pursue particular issues on behalf of its members. The Association, through its Planning and Legislation Committee, seeks to encourage best practice in implementing government guidance and aims to ensure that appropriate policies for the conservation of the historic environment are incorporated into development plans and strategic documents.
Since 1997 ALGAO has carried out a number of surveys of its membership to gather information on staffing and casework levels, and to monitor changes in best practice in implementing PPG 16 and PPG15, and also in dealing with aspects of work which fall outside the planning system.
In 2005 ALGAO published Local Government Archaeological Services: Report on staffing and casework surveys 1997-2003. This summary is of key results from research undertaken by the Association of Local Government Archaeological Officers (ALGAO) and English Heritage into local government archaeological services: published in 2002 as Archaeological Services in Local Government and Planning and Conservation Casework Survey 1997-99. It also includes results from the ALGAO survey of staffing and casework for 2003.
From 2006, ALGAO has worked with IHBC and Historic England (formerly English Heritage) to collect annual staffing and casework statistics. The Eighth Report on Local Authority Staff Resource (2016) can be accessed from the Historic England website.
England National Framework
- National Planning Policy Framework from March 2012 and its accompanying planning practice guide.
- Historic Environment Good Practice Advice in Planning Note 1
- Historic England Good Practice Advice Note 2: Managing Significance in Decision-taking in the Historic Environment
- Historic England Good Practice Advice Note 3: The Setting of Heritage Assets
- Scheduled Monuments DCMS Policy Statement
- Historic England Guidance
Planning and Legislation: Scotland
Scotland National Framework
- National Planning Framework 4
- Historic Environment Policy for Scotland
- Historic Environment Scotland Regulatory Framework
- Planning Advice Note (PAN) 2/2011: Planning and Archaeology which replaced PAN 42 in July 2011.
Planning and Legislation Sub Group: Wales
ALGAO Cymru maintain a Planning sub group meeting involving all development management archaeologists in Wales including representative from the Welsh Archaeological Trusts, the National Park Archaeologists, CADW and CBA Wales. Meetings are held annually.
Wales National Framework
Northern Ireland Framework and Guidance
- N Ireland Environment Agency Built Heritage
- PPS6 Planning, Archaeology and the Built Environment
Guidance and good practice
- Mineral Extraction and Archaeology: a Practice Guide: prepared by the Minerals and Historic Environment Forum as an aid to planning authorities, mineral planners, mineral operators, archaeologists and consultants.